Objective of the labor market information platform:
The platform aims to be a nucleus of information for those seeking employment initiatives or looking for government training centers or those which are operated by the private sector. The platform also contains information on the most important statistical data and the main parties concerned with the Egyptian labor market, as well as the most important studies on the labor market. The researcher can also find the legal frameworks that govern the Egyptian labor market on the information platform of the labor market.
The platform comes as an initiative of the Enabling Environment Unit (EEU)
and the Egyptian National Competitiveness Council(ENCC) in an effort to increase the efficiency of the Egyptian labor market, which supports the competitiveness of the Egyptian economy.
Enabling Environment Unit (EEU)
The Egyptian National Competitiveness Council issued a new study entitled “Labor Skills,
Productivity and Human Resources Management”, which was prepared in cooperation with the Egyptian Center for Public Opinion Research (BASEERA) with the support of the USAID-funded WISE Project. .
The study aimed at evaluating the efficiency of the Egyptian labor market and the ability of its concerned institutions to formulate and implement policies to achieve the objectives of economic growth, competitiveness and development plans in an equitable manner by adopting labor market needs with the technical skills of Egyptian labor in sectors capable of supporting the Egyptian economy in a number of governorates. Seven economic sectors were selected, including furniture, food, ready-made garments, textiles, renewable energy, tourism and logistics through eleven governorates: Alexandria, Port Said, Ismailia, Aswan, Red Sea, Menoufia, Gharbia, Damietta, Fayoum and Beni Suef
The present study has been characterized by devoting an important part to the opinion of the workforce and employers, and thus offers practical proposals based on evidence from the reality of the labor market. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, a methodology was adopted that includes the selection of sectors and governorates. This methodology, which was presented in detail in the study, includes a set of interrelated methods that combine theoretical, quantitative, qualitative and analytical methods to study the labor market imbalances in Egypt, Low productivity and human resource management style.
The study presents as well bottlenecks experienced by private sector companies in the governorates and the targeted economic areas. The objective was to identify the most important procedures and regulatory frameworks in the labor market that require intervention to improve them, and to improve the efficiency and competitiveness of the Egyptian labor market, and define the professional competencies that meet the needs of the business sector in the economic fields and in different governorates.
The quantitative tools included employers’ questionnaires, employees in 157 small and medium-sized enterprises, 1273 phone calls with females and males graduates of technical education and vocational training, in addition to interviews with 21 professionals stakeholders.
The study produced a rich set of conclusions and recommendations on the requirements of developing and empowering the Egyptian worker, concerning issues related to skills in the Egyptian labor market and the associated characteristics and characteristics of the national workforce, which is the main objective of the study.
The issues of youth employment, female participation in the labor market, the quality of technical education, vocational training, informality and governing policies were at the top of the challenges identified by the study and presented many solutions to address them.
In addition, the results showed strong indicators on the importance of the factors related to the business climate in the field of raising the efficiency of the Egyptian labor market, which are not directly related to the main issue under study, foremost among these are policies and institutional aspects, employment services, and the development of value chains.
In order to ensure the sustainability of the work on the recommendations of the study, the “Enabling Environment Advisory Group” (EEAG) was established to exchange the various experiences with all concerned parties and identify the necessary priorities to move forward with the required reforms in order to provide an enabling environment for improving the efficiency of the labor market. The Enabling Environment Unit (EEU) that represents the executive arm of the EEAG has been established within the organizational structure of the Egyptian National Competitiveness Council. The Unit organizes consultative workshops, prepares research papers, creates a database containing the names of labor market players, and links on research on the development of the labor market in Egypt. All these activities are supported by the USAID-funded WISE Project
* Labor Law link: https://www.egypt.gov.eg/arabic/laws/labour/default.aspx
* Law of Social Solidarity Link: http://www.moss.gov.eg/ar-eg/Pages/laws.aspx
* Civil Service Law: http://mpmar.gov.eg/internal/index/قانون%20الخدمة%20المدنية
1. Egyptian Labor Market characteristics:
*Egyptian labor force. (to be updated from CAPMAS monthly)
*Labor force by gender (to be updated from CAPMAS monthly)
*Labor force by age, type and level of education in Egypt. (to be updated from CAPMAS monthly)
*Most recent unemployment rate in Egypt. (by gender, level and type of education and sector.)
*Unemployment analysis in last 10 years.
2. Sectoral job opportunities posted by the Government entities. (Ministry of Labor Force, Monthly)
- Ministry of Labor Force
- Ministry of Social Solidarity
- Ministry of Trade and Industry
- ILO website
- World Bank
Links to training centers:
- Vocational training centers of the Ministry of Manpower
- Productivity and Vocational Training Center (Ministry of trade and industry)
- Industrial Training Council (Ministry of trade and industry)
- SEKEM Initiative
- Swedish Technical Academy
- Ghabbour Development Foundation
Employment Promotion Initiatives Steps on the way
1- Bank Misr initiatives for (Microfinance projects- Small enterprises projects- Medium enterprise credit project).
2- NBE Finance for CBE Initiative to support Small Enterprises
3- CBE initiative for SME’s
4- Bedaya Centre for Entrepreneurship & SMEs Development.
5- Housing and development bank initiative for SME’s financing.
Private sector initiatives
1- Union National Bank Initiative for SME’s
2- Alex Bank Initiative for SME’s
3- EB Bank Initiative for SME’s
International Donors’ Initiatives
1- The National Employment Pact (NEP)
2- “Youth career initiative” YCI.
3- Mohammed bin Rashid al Maktoum’s initiative of one million Arab programmers
4- Education for employment (EFE)
Success stories around the world
* Government Initiatives.
* International Donors’ Initiative
Important Reference Documents
Egyptian Context (to include the position papers)
1- Unemployment and Employment.
– Tackling youth Un employment in Egypt (2017, Egypt youth essay competition)
– The structure and evolution of employment in Egypt: 1998-2012 (2013, The Economic Research Forum (ERF))
– Poverty, Employment and Policy-Making in Egypt (ILO)
– Arab Republic of Egypt (More Jobs, Better Jobs: A Priority for Egypt) 2016 (World bank)
– LABOR MARKET DYNAMICS AND YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA: EVIDENCE FROM EGYPT, JORDAN AND TUNISIA. 2016 (ERF)
– Why the Unemployment Rate is a Misleading Indicator of Labor Market Health in Egypt. 2014 (ERF)
– Macroeconomic policy for employment creation in Egypt: Past experience and future prospects. (2015, ILO)
– Egyptian Strategy for the Empowerment of Egyptian Women 2030. (National Council for Women) 2017
– Woman and work and economy (IMF) 2013
– World employment social outlook trends for woman 2017 (ILO)
– Women in Business and management 2016 (ILO)
– Women in public life gender, law and policy in the Middle East and North Africa. 2014 (OECD)
– EMPOWERING WOMEN-LED SMES: ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND THE NEW ARAB WORLD 2012 (OECD)
– Women’s Entrepreneurship development Assessment. (2016, ILO)
– Women’s Entrepreneurship 2016/2017 Report. (2017, Global Entrepreneurship Monitor)
– Global wages report 2016/ 2017 (ILO)
– Is There an Informal Employment Wage Penalty in Egypt? (2015, Institute of Labor Economics)
4- Labor skills:
– Labor skills, productivity, and human resources management study (2017, USAID)
– Building a skilled workforce: The case of Egypt (2017, Egypt youth essay competition)
– The Labor Market In Egypt (2015, Egypt Network for Integrated Development
– A Skilled Workforce for Strong, Sustainable and Balanced Growth (2011, ILO)
– Skills mismatch and underemployment (2015, ILO)
– How Policymakers Can Boost Youth Employment (2012, Manpower Group).
– Workplace Essential Skills Program (2014, Brunswick)
– Towards Evidence-Based active Labor Market Programs in Egypt. (2017, ILO)
– Inequality of Opportunity in the Labor Market (2012, The World Bank)
– Women’s Entrepreneurship Development Assessment (2016, ILO)